Ayodhya is a city in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is located on the banks of the Sarayu River and is considered to be one of the seven most sacred cities in Hinduism. The city is known for the Ayodhya dispute, a long-standing dispute over a plot of land in Ayodhya that has been claimed by both Hindus and Muslims. The dispute dates back to the 16th century, when the Mughal emperor Babur built a mosque on the disputed site, which was believed to be the birthplace of Lord Rama, one of the most revered Hindu gods. In 1992, the mosque was destroyed by a mob of Hindu nationalists, which led to communal riots across the country. In 2019, the Indian Supreme Court ruled that the disputed land would be given to a government-run trust to build a Hindu temple, while Muslims would be given an alternative plot of land to build a mosque. This decision was hailed by many as a way to resolve a long-standing dispute and bring peace to the region.


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Cultural Triangle of Awadh
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Sarayu River Bath - It's Importance in Ramayana

The River Sarayu is closely associated with the Lord Rama's pastimes as the city of Ayodhya is situated on the banks of River Sarayu. King Dasharatha had performed Putrakameshti Yagya on the northern bank of River Sarayu to get children. Also on the banks of River Sarayu Sri Rama had received various secret mantra of Dhanurvidhya sage Vishwamitra – one of the seven sage of current manavantara.